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Percy Bysshe Shelley -Ozymandias -Summary

The speaker describes a meeting with someone who has traveled to a place where ancient civilizations once existed. We know from the title that he’s talking about Egypt. The traveler told the speaker a story about an old, fragmented statue in the middle of the desert. The statue is broken apart, but you can still make out the face of a person. The face looks stern and powerful, like a ruler. The sculptor did a good job at expressing the ruler’s personality. The ruler was a wicked guy, but he took care of his people.

On the pedestal near the face, the traveler reads an inscription in which the ruler Ozymandias tells anyone who might happen to pass by, basically, “Look around and see how awesome I am!” But there is no other evidence of his awesomeness in the vicinity of his giant, broken statue. There is just a lot of sand, as far as the eye can see. The traveler ends his story.

William Wordsworth -I wandered lonely as a Cloud (Daffodils) -Summary

The speaker was walking around through the hills and valleys, but he felt all lonely and mopey. Suddenly, as he passed a lake, he noticed a big group of yellow daffodils waving in the breeze. This wasn't just some scattered patch of daffodils. We’re talking thousands and thousands around this particular bay. And all these flowers were dancing.

Yes, the daffodils danced, and so did the waves of the lake. But the daffodils danced better. The speaker’s loneliness was replaced by joy, but he didn't even realize what a gift he has received until later. Now, whenever he’s feeling kind of blah, he just thinks of the daffodils, and his heart is happily dancing.

Robert Herrick: To Daffodils- Summary

"To Daffodils" is a somber literary lyric about death and ephemeral life. He wants to show that death is the destiny of all creatures. He also describes the course of nature which all beings must follow; birth, maturity and then death. He emphasizes this meaning by focusing on the relationship between the daffodils and people as they all are mortal.

Paraphrase: In this poem, the poet uses the daffodils as a symbol for death as he uses this flower to describe the complex process of death.

From the very first word of Herrick's poem "fair", the reader realizes that the poet recognizes the beauty of the daffodils. Yet, in the same line, his comment "we weep to see suggests to the reader that the poem has sad events. The poet begins to beg the daffodils not to go as their end hasn't approached. The day of death hasn't come; it is like the noon of the sun or the prayer of the evening which come when the world darkens. Then, the poet begins to describe death as a destiny of all creature. That is, our life is too short, but we have nothing too do. Our life is like a short spring which is beautiful, but it quickly come to death. It is also like the summer's rain or the morning's dew which iis very valuable, but it doesn't stay for a long time. In fact, the poem compare the human life with such flower which only come out in spring to show the frailty of life.

Tone: This poem show how the poet has been inspired to write about daffodils. The poet succeeds in creating a sad mood and intriguing readers through the incomparable imagery, rather than the customary rhythm. In general, this poem has a sad tone as it shows a very ambiguous and dreadful image which is death. It also emphasizes the shortness of life. Indeed, this poem is full of dark expressive moods about death and ephemeral life.

William Shakespeare- Under the Greenwood Tree- summary

There are at least two ways to view this poem: directly, and metaphorically. Directly, the poet says that those who are not driven by ambition and have simple desires, can come share his life under the Greenwood tree". Meanwhile, there is a darker meaning to the poem, that it is human nature to have ambition, and that only those who are buried under the greenwood tree will be free of all enemies except weather and winter, and will seek their nourishment there (beneath the the tree's roots). Good poetry presents more than one view of a subject and allows the reader to bring to the poem what they understand based on their experience and maturity.


1. Summary:

Recreational activities vary from country to country. In some countries recreational activities are regarded as essential part of their life. The Chinese the Japanese love different kinds of pastimes. Whereas, the Canadians have different kinds of seasonal pastimes. Germans are so fond of pastimes that they have a research association for it. However one form of pastime-TV watching is common all over the world.

2. Summary:

Oregami is a pastime practised in the Orient for centuries. In Japan it got the sophisticated form. Oregami can take the forms of birds, fishes, insects, animals, geometrical figures and the objects with movement. It was introduced in German Kindergarten schools. And next it gained popularity in the United States and England as a pastime.

3. Summary:

Bonsai is a new and artistic form of pot planting. In this process a plant is made to grow as a miniature of a real tree. The origin of this art dates back to 1000 years in China and the Japanese also contribute to its development. The process of Bonsai planting is different from ordinary pot planting. The art of Bonsai is now not only an interesting pastime but also a money making scheme.

4. Summary:

Jerry was an orphan boy living in an orphanage. The writer found him a boy of integrity. He never tried to find an excuse for his fault. He was large hearted, selfless and a free will agent. He did many gracious things for the comfort and convenience of the writer. With an innate sense of gratitude, Jerry had a strong sense of personality.


5. Summary:

Dr. Shamsuzzoha was a professor of chemistry   and Proctor of Rajshahi University. The students of Rajshahi university took an active part in protesting against the killing of sergeant Zohurul Haque in prison. Tension grew in the campus and students attempted to break section 144. Armed forces were deployed and opened fire on the agitating students. Eventually Dr. Zoha was shot dead by the Pakistan army.

6. Summary:

Rabindranath was the fourteenth child of his parents. At the age of eight he started writing poems. He was sent to London to get the benefit of western education at the age of seventeen. He was greatly influenced by the western culture and society. He was called back to India and he returned to India without any qualifications of distinctions.

7. Summary: Hamidur Rahman was an architect and he designed the central shaheed Minar. He was the first Bangaldeshi art student and pioneer of art movement. Through the design of shaheed Minar he tried to express the national identity of the Bangalies. He used special type of material to construct it so that it can with stand in tropical climate. He is no more among us but is always remembered throughout his work.

8. Summary: Wole Soyinka is a Nigerian playwright and he was in the development of a Nigerian theatre. He was born in Abelkota on July, 1934. He became the director of the school of drama at the University of Ibaden in 1969. His important plays are the invention A Dance of the Forests, The lion and the Jewel is his satirical comedy and the road has its source in Nigerian folk. He also published other poems and a novel.

9. Summary:

Stephen Hawking is the most reputed scientist in the present world. At the age of thirty, he became a victim of Gehrig’s disease and lost the ability of his physical movement. But such a tremendous physical handicap has failed to dishearten him. Still he is a relentless worker. However, now an American organisation provides him with twenty-four hour nursing facilities.

10. Summary:

The Sangad Bhaban is a wonder of modern architecture and the most spectacular parliament building in the world. It was designed by a famous American architect Louis I Kahn . An artificial lake called the Crescent  Lake surrounds the building. This 155ft. high 9 storey building has 1605 doors, 335 windows 365 ventilator and corridors totaling to a length of 41.6 kilometers. It was inaugurated in 1982. The annual maintenance cost of this magnificent building in about 50 million taka.

11. Summary:

The Jamuna Multi-purpose Bridge on the mighty river Jamuna is a glorious example of man’s victory over the mighty force of nature. It is a superb symbol of architectural and engineering excellence. The 4.8 kilometers long and 185 meters wide bridge    stands on 50 strong pillars having 49 spans. The Bridge costs more than seven hundred million US dollars. It is a wonderful addition to modern route communication.

12. Summary:

The Taj Mahal is one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. It was built three hundred years ago by Emperor Shahjahan of Delhi to prove his love for Momtaj. It is made of white and coloured marble has four towers, a large and four small domes. Here lie the two bodies of Shah Jahan and his wife Mumtaz. The pool surrounded by the Taj mahal enhances its beauty. It looks most lovely in the moonlit night.

13. Summary: Charles Pearson, a solicitor of London introduced the under ground railway systems for the first-time. In 1860 the first phase of its construction began. At first the cut and cover method was used to construct it. After the first phase of construction it attracted all out 10 million people in the first year of its operation. Later as during its expansion a new method was used to construct it without any disturbance on the surface.

14. Summary:

The Shatgombuj Mosque is one of the three world Heritage Sites in Bangladesh. This 15th century Islamic edifice is in the suburbs of Bagerhat on the edge of the sundarbans. This mosque is unique with sixty pillars supporting seventy-seven exquisitely curved domes. Great saint Khan Jahan Ali established this enormous Moghul architectural site. This site is some 175 km southwest of Dhaka.

15. Summary:

The Buddhist Vihara at Paharpur is the largest single Buddihist monastery in the Indian Subcontinent. It was a renowned intellectual centre for about a thousand year. Its layout is a perfect match to its religious function. It is a unique artistic achievement influencing South Asian Buddhist architectures. This Somapura Mahavira is a World Heritage Site.


16. Summary:

The Iron Bridge built in 1779 on the river Severn is England’s longest   and the world’s first iron bridge. The bridge area has now become World Heritage Site for its contribution towards industrialization. This graceful circular bridge has a span of 30 meters. It is a specimen of great engineering skill. It received the international recognition as a World Heritage Site in 1986.

17. Summary:

The Darjeeling Railway is a model of a passenger train. It is the most outstanding one. It is known as toy train because of its colorful wagons and it moves slowly. It was opened in 1881 across a mountainous region. With the declaration of it being a World Heritage site it is hoped that it will remain operational and retain most of its original beauty.

18. Summary:

The United Nations proclaimed 1983 – 92 the Decade of the Disabled Person. It’s aim was to create equal opportunities for the disabled. But all their attempts were not fulfilled. Being prompted by it the ESCAP declared 1993 - 2002 the Asian and Pacific Decade of the Disabled Persons. Now 3rd December and the First Wednesday of April are observed as the International Day and the National day for the Disabled respectively.


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