Acid Rain

The world we live in today has become a nest for pollution and toxic waste. Acid rain has recently become an environmental concern of global importance. 

What is Acid rain?
When rain water becomes extra acidic, it is called acid rain. The extra acidity in rain comes from the reaction of air pollutants like sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides, with water in the air to form strong acids (like sulfuric and nitric acid). When this happens it causes acid rain which is harmful to human beings and the environment.

Causes of Acid Rain:
Scientists have discovered that air pollution from burning of fossil fuels is the major cause of acid rain. The main chemicals in air pollution that create acid rain are sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). 

Effects of Acid Rain:
Not many things have the ability to kill fish, harm ecosystem and humans, destroy economies, and deteriorate buildings all at once. Acid rain can do all of that. The consequences of acid rain can be very damaging. It can cause severe health problem like visibility degradation, chest illness and even cancer. Acid rain causes acidification of lakes and streams and contributes to the damage of trees and many sensitive forest soils. In addition, acid rain accelerates the decay of building materials and paints.

Remedies and Conclusion:
Government agencies and scientists are not the only ones that can take action to stop acid rain. We can become part of the solution. At first we need to educate ourselves about the issue of acid rain. Since energy production creates large amounts of the pollutants that cause acid rain, one important step is to conserve energy by using electricity efficiently and not wasting it. To help cut down on air pollution from cars, we can carpool or take public transportation, such as buses and trains. Walking and using bicycles for nearby travels is another good option. Public awareness should be increased about this matter and we must all guard against this in every possible way.

Acid Throwing
Acid throwing, also known as acid attack is a violent form of assault whose victims are specially women. This horrifying act is done by some shameful people with the intention to disfigure women’s face. This way to torture and kill women is practiced throughout the world, but most incidents are reported to occur in South Asian countries such as Bangladesh, India and Pakistan. Mostly sulfuric acid and nitric acid are used in acid attack; often hydrochloric acid is also used.

In Bangladesh the main reason behind acid throwing is the mentality “If I cannot have you, no one can.” Acid attack is used to take revenge against the girl who has refused to marry, refused to sexual advances, who has spoken up when she was being eve teased. Acid is also thrown if the promised dowry is not given. Domestic abuse and disputes are other leading causes.

The physical and mental effects of acid are beyond imagination. Acid burns skin tissue and often expose and dissolve bones. The pretty face of a girl is completely disfigured. Eyelids, lips are completely destroyed, nose shrinks so much that it becomes hard to breathe. Often the victim becomes deaf and the burn is so extensive that she dies a painful death. The most horrifying fact is that such damages are more or less permanent. Plastic surgery can help in some extent but it is immensely costly and cannot completely bring back the lovely face of the girl. Throughout their lives they have to bear the scars of acid. Such victims are never accepted fully in the society. They are rejected and neglected even though they are innocent. Often their own family abandons them. This often leads to depression and suicide.

Possible solutions:
The extent of damage is hugely dependent on the immediate steps taken after attack. It is medically proven that continuous application of cold water can reduce the extent of damage greatly. But often superstitious people do not do so which leads to more permanent damage.

Bangladesh has undertaken strict laws to prevent acid throwing. Naripokkho, Action Aid are some non-government organizations which  assist survivors in Bangladesh. Prothom Alo, a popular daily newspaper, raises funds for the treatment and rehabilitation of victims and also campaigns against the crime. 

Acid throwing is a heinous act. It completely destroys the life of the victim. It is very difficult for a woman to establish herself in society after such a physical torture and social boycott. So we should hate acid throwers and raise awareness against acid attacks. Our effort might save many potential victims and make life easier for those who have already been unfortunate enough to face such cruelty.

Adversity is commonly regarded as a curse. Worldly happiness depends to a very great extent upon wealth. Poverty breaks down even a strong health. It creates hindrances in ways of getting benefits of education and culture. Indeed, many a promising career has been ruined by adversity. 

Dangers of Adversity:
Even family harmony-love and affection among the members of the family are affected by adversity. When want pinches us from all sides, it tends to drive away the finer sentiments of the heart makes us peevish and selfish. This is the major reason behind all the miseries of the poor families.

Advantages of Adversity:
Adversity has its good uses too. If everything goes on well with us, we may fall into a comfortable and idle life where there is no endeavor. This easy gain of prosperity thus tends to make us good-for-nothing  and ruins our character. But adversity prompts us to exert ourselves. This develops our faculties and strengthens the mental state and uplifts personality. It brings stability and perseverance.

History is full of examples of famous men whose greatness was rather helped by adversity in their early lives. They all had to struggle with extreme poverty, but they became the most honored and renowned legends afterwards. That struggle acted as an inspiration which eventually made them nobler and greater.

Adversity enables us to know who our actual friends are. It is obvious that when we are in trouble the fake friends abandon us and only those who are true stick till the end.

Again, a man in adversity knows well the value of sympathy, kindness and charity in the world. So when he finds others in the same miserable situations he cannot but feel for them sincerely and help them to the best of his power. On the contrary, a man who has never tasted the bitterness of adversity himself doesn’t know where the shoe pinches and consequently cannot really feel for the distressed. A man who has experienced adversity is a man who has a direct and practical approach to life.

Adversity is not therefore as evil as it’s considered. It’s rather like a piece of sugarcane which gives sweet juice only when crushed.

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